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Gambia Facts

Sources of Data:

CIA Factbook WHO
   
UN Data World Bank Data


Official Country Name   Republic of The Gambia
     
Capital City   Banjul (former name Bathurst)
     
Dialling Code   +220
     
Currency   Dalasi D1 = 100 bututs
     
Defence Expenditure   1.1% of GDP (2013), no conscription
     
Economy    
     
Govt. Office Hours   8am to 6pm, Monday to Thursday
     
GDP
  GDP (purchasing power parity): $3.269 billion (2015 est.), GDP (official exchange rate): $761 million (2015 est.), GDP - real growth rate: 4.7% (2015 est.), GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,700 (2015 est.)
     
Independence Day   February 18th (1965) from Britain
     
Internet Domain   .gm
     
Land Area   10,000 sq km  + water 11, 295 sqm
     
Land Boundaries   740 km
     
Main Exports
  Groundnuts, fish, cotton lint, palm kernels
     
Main Service Industry   Tourism
     
Languages
  Wolof, Mandinka, English, Fula, Jola, Serahuli & other indigenous vernaculars
     
Population   1,967,709 (July 2015 est.)
     
Population Growth Rate   2.16% (2015 est.)
     
Official Language   English
     
Religion
  Muslim 95.7%, Christian 4.2%, none 0.1%, no response 0.1% (2013 est.)
     
Time Zone   GMT
     
Voltage   220-240V, 50 Hz
     
Weights & Measures   Metric Units
     
     
GEOGRAPHY:    
Gambia's Location
  Western Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and Senegal
     
Geographic Coordinates   13 28 N, 16 34 W
     
Coastline & Land Area
  80 km, land / water area of 11, 295 square km
     
Administrative divisions
  5 Regions & 1 city; Banjul, Central River, Lower River, North Bank, Upper River, Western
     
     
DEMOGRAPHY:    
Total Population   1,967,709 (July 2015 est.)
     
Population Density   169.0 per sq km. (est. 2015 - UN)
     
Ethnic Groups: (27)
  Mandinka/Jahanka 33.8%, Fulani/Lorobo /Tukulur/ 22.1%, Wolof 12.2%, Jola/Karoninka 10.9%, Serahuli 7%, Serer 3.2%, Manjago 2.1%, Bambara 1%, Aku Marabout/ Creole 0.8%, other 0.9%, non-Gambian 5.2%, no response 0.7% (2013 est.)
     
Age Structure
  0-14 years: 38.31% (male 378,449/female 375,417)
    15-24 years: 20.81% (male 202,218/female 207,194)
    25-54 years: 33.45% (male 322,250/female 335,860)
    55-64 years: 4.08% (male 38,717/female 41,532)
    65 years and over: 3.36% (male 30,886/female 35,186) (2015 est.)
     
Birth Rate
  30.86 births/1,000 population (2015 est.)
     
Death Rate
  7.15 deaths/1,000 population (2015 est.)
     
Net Migration rate
  -2.12 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2015 est.)
     
Sex Ratio
  at birth: 1.03 male/ female
    0-14 years: 1.01 male/ female
    15-24 years: 0.98 men / women
    25-54 years: 0.96 men / women
    55-64 years: 0.93 men / women
    65 years and over: 0.88 men / women
    total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2015 est.)
     
Infant Mortality Rate
  63.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2015 est.)
     
Life Expectancy at birth   total population: 64.6 years
    men: 62.27 years
    women: 67 years (2015 est.)
     
Total Fertility rate
  3.73 children born/woman (2015 est.)
     
HIV / Aids
prevalence rate
  Adult 1.8% (2015 est.)
     
Literacy Rates
  Aged over 15 years who can read & write: 55.5% (male: 63.9%, 47.6%) (2015 est.)
 
 
*Last updated: 14 February, 2016
 

 
Sources of Data:
CIA Factbook WHO
   
UN Data World Bank Data
 

 
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