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Official Country Name: Republic of The Gambia
Capital City: Banjul, former name Bathurst
Country Dialling Code: +220
Currency: Dalasi   D1=100b
Defence: Expenditure: 1.1% of GDP (2013), no conscription
Government  Office Hours: 8 am to 6pm, Monday to Thursday
GDP
GDP (purchasing power parity): $3.269 billion (2015 est.), GDP (official exchange rate): $761 million (2015 est.), GDP - real growth rate: 4.7% (2015 est.), GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,700 (2015 est.)
Independence Day: February 18th (1965) from Britain
Internet Domain: .gm
Land Area: 10,000 sq km  + water = 11, 295 sq km
Land Boundaries: 740 km
Main Exports: Groundnuts, fish, cotton lint, palm kernels
Main Service Industry: Tourism
Languages: Fula, Mandinka, Jola, Wolof & Serahuli, other indigenous vernaculars
Population 1,967,709 (July 2015 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 2.16% (2015 est.)
Official Language: English
Religion: Muslim 95.7%, Christian 4.2%, none 0.1%, no response 0.1% (2013 est.)
Time Zone: GMT
Voltage: 220-240V, 50 Hz
Weights & Measures: Metric Units

Geography  
Gambia's Location: Western Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and Senegal
Geographic Coordinates: 13 28 N, 16 34 W
Coastline &  Area: 80 km, land / water area of 11, 295 square km
Climate: sub-tropical climate with two distinct dry & rainy seasons
Annual rainfall: 1,296 millimetres
Administrative divisions: 5 Regions & 1 city; Banjul, Central River, Lower River, North Bank, Upper River, Western
Demography:  
Total Population: 1,967,709 (July 2015 est.)
Population Density: 169.0 per sq km. (est. 2015 - UN Data)
Ethnic Groups: (27) Mandinka/Jahanka 33.8%, Fulani/Lorobo /Tukulur/ 22.1%, Wolof 12.2%, Jola/Karoninka 10.9%, Serahuli 7%, Serer 3.2%, Manjago 2.1%, Bambara 1%, Aku Marabout/ Creole 0.8%, other 0.9%, non-Gambian 5.2%, no response 0.7% (2013 est.)
Age Structure: 0-14 years: 38.31% (male 378,449/female 375,417)
  15-24 years: 20.81% (male 202,218/female 207,194)
  25-54 years: 33.45% (male 322,250/female 335,860)
  55-64 years: 4.08% (male 38,717/female 41,532)
  65 years and over: 3.36% (male 30,886/female 35,186) (2015 est.)
Birth Rate: 30.86 births/1,000 population (2015 est.)
Death Rate: 7.15 deaths/1,000 population (2015 est.)
Net Migration rate: -2.12 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2015 est.)
Sex Ratio: at birth: 1.03 male/ female
  0-14 years: 1.01 male/ female
  15-24 years: 0.98 men / women
  25-54 years: 0.96 men / women
  55-64 years: 0.93 men / women
  65 years and over: 0.88 men / women
  total population: 0.98 men / women (2015 est.)
Infant Mortality Rate: 63.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2015 est.)
Life Expectancy at birth: 64.6 years (Men: 62.27 years / Women: 67)
Total Fertility rate: 3.73 children born/woman (2015 est.)
HIV / Aids prevalence rate: Adult prevalence 1.82% (2014 est.)
Literacy Rates: Aged over 15 years who can read & write: 55.5% (male: 63.9%, 47.6%) (2015 est.)
 


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*Last updated: 14th February, 2016

Other Sources:

Country Profile

CIA Factbook

UN Data

World Health Organization

World Bank Data










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